Founded as a city in 1910
|County||Västra Götaland County|
|• Total||5.70 km2 (2.20 sq mi)|
(31 December 2020)
|• Density||1,408/km2 (3,650/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Tidaholm (ⓘ) is a locality and the seat of Tidaholm Municipality in Västergötland Province within Västra Götaland County, Sweden. The city consists of 520 square kilometers, or a little more than 200 square miles. It is located on the Tidan River, the only river in Sweden that flows north. Two islands are included within the city limits: Vulcanön and Turbinhusön, the former was originally Tidaholm's industrial center and the latter historically housed the Turbine. As of 2021, there were 13,000 inhabitants.
Historically, the city was known as Agnetorp. Tidaholm was detached from Baltak parish as a merchant town (köping) in 1895. It was established as the city of Tidaholm in 1910, and it has served as the seat of the much larger Tidaholm Municipality since 1974. In 1997, its county name changed as well, when Skaraborg County merged with the counties of Gothenburg, Bohus and Älvsborg to form Västra Götaland County.
Up until the early 19th century, Tidaholm was primarily a farming community but, in 1799, an ironworks factory (Tidaholms bruk) was established on the site of the Holmagården forge, which had roots dating back to the Middle Ages, and merged with several other business to manufacture furniture, wagons and agricultural implements. Nearly a century later, one of the bicycle-making Lindström brothers spent time in the United States, studying the early car industry. Once he returned to Sweden, the Tidaholmsbilen (the Tidaholm car) was the result, with most of the parts made at Tidaholms Bruk, especially once local engine production began in 1914. Between 1903 and 1934, the factory produced about 6,000 cars, mainly trucks, buses, fire trucks and other heavy vehicles. Known as "Tidaholmarna", they were seen as far afield as Oslo and St. Petersburg.
In 1868, the Vulcan match factory (Tändsticksfabrik AB Vulcan), was founded on Vulcan Island one of Tidaholm's islands in the Tidan River. Although they started with a little over 100 workers, by the early 1900s, it had become the largest manufacturer of matches in the world, and was employing more than 1,000 workers. Nowadays, Vulcan Tidaholm is the only remaining match factory in Sweden, with roughly 200 employees. Although the Lithographic Art Workshop has taken over its former headquarters, it carries on Tidaholm's tradition of the lithographic arts that began with the design of intricate matchbox labels.
The city's first fire trucks, in the late 1920s.
A Tidaholm steam locomotive, 1906.
A Tidaholm truck from 1927.
A Tidaholm bus from 1925.
Tidaholm delivery trucks, n.d.
Tidaholm fire engine from 1929.
A Tidaholm mail truck from 1912.
A Vulcan poster, from 1894 to 1907.
Both Tidaholm Bruk as well as Vulcan Tidahom were headquartered on Vulcanön island and, nowadays, Tidaholm Museum is located here. Not surprisingly, the museum focuses on the town's industrial history and its two major industries, and it keeps nine Tidaholm Bruk cars on permanent display. Although many buildings were demolished in the area, a lot of historic architecture remains.
There is an art gallery at the former turbine house (Turbinhusön) open in the summer and close to Hellidens folkhögskola you will find Sweden's only Lithographic Museum, as well as cafés and other small shops here.
Gamla Torget is effectively the city square. Surrounded by many historic 19th century buildings, it functions as a key gathering place for many local events.
The Sports Museum documents the history of local sports, celebrating the achievements of local athletes and sports teams.
The public library is housed in a renaissance building from the end of the 19th century. It is also a location for temporary exhibitions.
Tidaholm's town square.
The City Hall, designed by Gotthard Ålander. Photo by Harri Blomberg.
Rudbeck High School (Rudbecksgymnasiet) in Tidaholm, along the Tidan River.
The Vättaks Church belfry.
Varola's old general store was donated to the Tidaholm Museum.
Site of Agnetorps Parish ruins in Tidaholm.
Agnetorp Parish ruins in Tidaholm.
Hans Henrik Von Essen was both one of the owners of Tidaholms Bruk and a founder of Vulcan Tidaholm. He first built Helliden, a manor house colloquially known as Helliden Castle at the edge of the city in 1858. Today, it houses a high school and an adult education center.
- "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 27 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
- "Tidaholm, Västra Götaland, Sweden - City, Town and Village of the world". en.db-city.com. Retrieved 2022-02-20.
- Jesper (2021-04-11). "Tidaholm, Västergötland - Exploring Sweden". The Biveros Effect. Retrieved 2022-02-20.
- Sundfeldt, Björn (1991-01-24). "Då var det gyllene tider i Tidaholm" [It was a golden age in Tidaholm]. Teknikens Värld (in Swedish). Vol. 43, no. 2. Stockholm, Sweden: Specialtidningsförlaget AB. p. 42.
- Sundfeldt 1991, p. 44.
- Sundfeldt 1991, p. 46.
- "Tidaholm's museum and Tidaholm's Bruk Sweden". transportmuseums.com/. Retrieved 2022-02-20.
- Stenberg, Björn. "Vulcan Tidaholm". www.bjornstenberg.se. Retrieved 2022-02-20.
- "Transport Museums in the Nordics | TransportMuseums.com". transportmuseums.com/. Retrieved 2022-02-20.