Adolphus Frederick II

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Adolphus Frederick II
Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Reign1701 – 12 May 1708
PredecessorFriedrich Wilhelm
SuccessorAdolf Friedrich III
Born(1658-10-19)19 October 1658
Died12 May 1708(1708-05-12) (aged 49)
(m. 1684; died 1701)
(m. 1702; died 1704)
FatherAdolf Frederick I
MotherMaria Katharina of Brunswick-Dannenberg

Adolphus Frederick II (19 October 1658 – 12 May 1708), Duke of Mecklenburg, was the first Duke of the Mecklenburg-Strelitz, reigning from 1701 until his death. Mecklenburg-Strelitz was a part of the Holy Roman Empire.


He was born in Grabow as the posthumous son of Duke Adolf Frederick I of Mecklenburg and his second wife, Maria Katharina of Brunswick-Dannenberg (1616–1665).[1]

In 1695, the Mecklenburg-Güstrow branch of the House of Mecklenburg became extinct and Adolphus Frederick's nephew, Frederick William, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, laid claim to the inheritance, a move which Adolphus Frederick opposed.[2]

The dispute was settled in 1701, when Adolphus Frederick reached an agreement with his nephew, Duke Friedrich Wilhelm, to take as his inheritance the Principality of Ratzeburg and the Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.[3]

Following his death, Adolphus Frederick was succeeded as Duke by his son, Adolphus Frederick III.

Marriages and children[edit]

In 1684 Adolphus Frederick II married firstly to Marie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow (19 July 1659 – 16 January 1701), daughter of Gustav Adolph, Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow. They had five children:[1]

On 20 June 1702, Adolphus Frederick II married secondly to Princess Johanna of Saxe-Gotha (1 October 1680 – 9 July 1704), a daughter of Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, and Magdalena Sybille of Saxe-Weissenfels. There were no children from this marriage.[1]

On 10 June 1705 at Neustrelitz, Adolphus Frederick II married thirdly to Princess Christiane Emilie of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen (13 March 1681 – 1 November 1751), a daughter of Christian William I, Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen and Countess Antonie Sybille of Barby-Mühlingen (1641–1684). They had two children:[1]

Through his granddaughter Charlotte, Adolphus Frederick is the ancestor of every British monarch beginning with George IV, who ascended the throne of the United Kingdom in 1820.



  1. ^ a b c d Marek, Miroslav. "House of Mecklenburg genealogy". Genealogy.EU.
  2. ^ Moore, John (1803). View of Society and Manners in France, Switzerland and Germany. A. Strahan and T. Cadell. p. 191.
  3. ^ Ungewitter, Franz Heinrich (1850). Europe, Past and Present. Putnam. p. 411.
Adolphus Frederick II
Cadet branch of the House of Mecklenburg
Born: 19 October 1658 Died: 12 May 1708
Regnal titles
New title Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Succeeded by