A shaker scoop (sometimes called a shaker hood scoop or a shaker hood) is an automobile term for an air intake for combustion air that is mounted directly on top of the engine's air cleaner and protrudes through a hole in the hood. Since it is fastened directly to the engine, it moves with the engine's movement and vibration on its mountings, thus the 'shaker' name.
Like all such scoops, its purpose is to increase performance by a 'ram air' effect, taking advantage of the vehicle's speed to deliver high pressure, cool air to the engine over a shorter, less restrictive flow path. However, because engines draw air in hundreds of cubic feet per minute, scoops do not raise intake pressures significantly. Additional claimed benefits of a shaker hood include elevation to prevent water from being drawn on flooded terrain, being a source of cooler, denser air, and having a more direct path to the engine's throttle plate.
Hot rod and drag race enthusiasts have modified automotive engines to increase power via supercharger forced induction since the 1920s; in some cases, a blower scoop is added to the top of the supercharger as an aid to air intake.
A vehicle also can be equipped with an aftermarket engine-mounted scoop that is mounted directly to the carburetor and protrudes through the hood, which is known as a carb scoop. Carb scoops are sometimes mistaken for blower scoops, but the presence (or lack) of a belt to drive the supercharger is one way to distinguish these scoops. Both carb and blower scoops are sometimes called bugcatchers. Like the shaker scoop, both a blower scoop and a carb scoop will vibrate in response to engine motions because they are attached to the engine.
Larry Shinoda of Ford is credited with introducing the shaker hood scoop as a factory-fitted option and campaigning to make it functional, first available exclusively for the 1969 model year Mustang equipped with the 428 Cobra Jet engine; the option was expanded to other Ford Mustang engines for 1970 and imitated quickly by competitors Chrysler (1970 Plymouth 'cuda and Dodge Challenger) and Pontiac (19701⁄2 Firebird Trans Am, which used a backwards-facing scoop to draw air from the high-pressure area at the base of the windshield). Some official Chrysler literature referred to this popular hood style as the "Incredible Quivering Exposed Cold Air Grabber". This lengthy title has since been shortened by enthusiasts and collectors to the less tongue-twisting "shaker hood".
1970 Boss 302 Mustang
1970 Plymouth 'cuda
1970 Dodge Challenger
1970 Ford Torino GT
1977 Pontiac Can Am
2003 Ford Mustang Mach 1
2014 Dodge Challenger R/T
Such scoops were fitted to a variety of cars, including:
- 1969 Ford Mustang Cobra Jet
- 1970 Boss 302 Mustang
- 1970 Plymouth Barracuda
- Dodge Challenger
- Ford Torino
- Pontiac GTO
- Pontiac Firebird Trans Am
- Pontiac Can Am Grand Am
- Ford Falcon XY GT Phase III
- 2004 Ford Mustang Mach 1
- Fernie, Michael (2016). "What is a shaker hood and how do they work?". Car Throttle. Retrieved 27 October 2022.
- Raynal, Wes; Kozak, Graham; Lingeman, Jake (October 6, 2014). "2014 Dodge Challenger R/T Shaker review notes". Autoweek. Retrieved 27 October 2022.
What's the point of the Shaker hood? I dunno -- what has the point of a Shaker hood ever been? The performance advantages are debatable, so I guess you buy one because you think it looks cool.
- "Air Scoops". Holley Performance Products. Retrieved 27 October 2022.
- Shaw, Tom (September 21, 2016). "Show-Quality Shaker Hood Scoop Detailing". Motor Trend. Retrieved 27 October 2022.
- O'Clair, Jim (September 24, 2018). "Shaker-Style Hood Scoops". Hemmings. Retrieved 27 October 2022.
- "1970 Dodge Charger (brochure)". Chrysler Motor Corporation. 1970.
- "2003 Ford Mustang Mach 1". Ford Performance. Retrieved 27 October 2022.